rock

rock1 W2S2 [rɔk US ra:k] n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(stone)¦
2¦(music)¦
3 (as) solid/steady as a rock
4 be on the rocks
5 scotch/vodka etc on the rocks
6¦(sweet food)¦
7¦(drug)¦
8 be (stuck) between a rock and a hard place
9 get your rocks off
10¦(jewel)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[Sense: 1, 3-10; Date: 1300-1400; : Old North French; Origin: roque, from Vulgar Latin rocca]
[Sense: 2; Date: 1900-2000; Origin: ROCK2]
1.) ¦(STONE)¦
a) [U]
the hard substance that forms the main surface of the Earth
→↑stone
To build the tunnel, they had to cut through 500 feet of solid rock .
Most of the country is desert and bare rock .
massive rock formations (=shapes made naturally from rock)
ancient dark volcanic rock
b)
a piece of rock, especially a large one that sticks up from the ground
Jack stood on a rock for a better view.
During the storm a ship had been driven onto the rocks (=a line of rocks under or next to the sea) .
2.) ¦(MUSIC)¦[U]
also rock music
a type of popular modern music with a strong loud beat, played using ↑guitars and drums
rock band/group
Komuro formed a rock band with some friends while in college.
the late rock star, Freddie Mercury
The stadium has hosted numerous rock concerts .
→↑hard rock,punk rock atpunk
3.) (as) solid/steady as a rock
a) very strongly built or well supported and not likely to break or fall
a large sofa, solid as a rock
b) someone who is as solid or steady as a rock is very strong and calm in difficult situations and you can depend on them
4.) be on the rocks informal
a relationship or business that is on the rocks is having a lot of problems and is likely to fail soon
= ↑in trouble
I'm afraid Tim's marriage is on the rocks.
5.) scotch/vodka etc on the rocks informal
an alcoholic drink that is served with ice but no water
6.) ¦(SWEET FOOD)¦[U]
BrE a hard sweet made in long round pieces
a stick of rock
7.) ¦(DRUG)¦
a) [U]
a very pure form of the illegal drug ↑cocaine that some people use for pleasure
b)
a small amount of this drug
8.) be (stuck) between a rock and a hard place
to have a choice between two things, both of which are unpleasant or dangerous
9.) get your rocks off
informal not polite if a man gets his rocks off, he has sex
10.)¦(JEWEL)¦ [C usually plural]
old-fashioned informal a ↑diamond or other jewel
rock 2
rock2 v
[: Old English; Origin: roccian]
1.) [I and T]
to move gently backwards and forwards or from side to side, or to make something do this
→↑sway
She covered her face, rocking to and fro in her grief.
The waves rocked the boat from side to side .
Paul sat gently rocking the child in his arms.
Jim rocked with laughter when he heard what had happened.
2.) [T]
a) to make the people in a place or organization feel very shocked - used in news reports
= ↑shake
The scandal rocked the nation.
b) to make the future of something seem less certain or steady than it was before, especially because of problems or changes
= ↑shake
Another financial blow has rocked the industry.
The theory rocked the foundations of social and moral life.
3.) rock the boat informal
to cause problems for other members of a group by criticizing something or trying to change the way something is done
He kept his feelings to himself, not wanting to rock the boat.
4.) [T]
if an explosion or ↑earthquake rocks an area, it makes it shake
Residents had only a few minutes to escape before the blast rocked their houses.
5.) sb/sth rocks
spoken informal said to show that you strongly approve of someone or something
6.) rock sb's world informal
to cause someone to think about something or someone in a completely new way

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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